,hl=en,siteUrl='http://0ldfox.blogspot.com/',authuser=0,security_token="v_SeT2Tv8vVdKRCcG9CCW-ZdIfQ:1429878696275"/> Old Fox KM Journal : 2013

Friday, December 27, 2013

contumely - Google Search

contumely - Google Search: "con·tu·me·ly
kənˈt(y)o͞oməlē,ˈkänt(y)əˌmēlē,ˈkänˌt(y)o͞omlē/
noun
1.
insolent or insulting language or treatment.
"the church should not be exposed to gossip and contumely""

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Friday, December 13, 2013

Eponyms that lost their Capitals...

Sandwich
The first written usage of the English word appeared in Edward Gibbon's journal, in longhand, referring to "bits of cold meat" as a "Sandwich".[12] It was named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, an 18th-century English aristocrat, although he was neither the inventor nor sustainer of the food. It is said that he ordered his valet to bring him meat tucked between two pieces of bread, and because Montagu also happened to be the Fourth Earl of Sandwich, others began to order "the same as Sandwich!"[6][7] It is said that Lord Sandwich was fond of this form of food because it allowed him to continue playing cards, particularly cribbage, while eating without getting his cards greasy from eating meat with his bare hands.[6]
The rumour in its familiar form appeared in Pierre-Jean Grosley's Londres (Neichatel, 1770), translated as A Tour to London 1772;[13] Grosley's impressions had been formed during a year in London in 1765. The sober alternative is provided by Sandwich's biographer, N. A. M. Rodger, who suggests Sandwich's commitments to the navy, to politics and the arts mean the first sandwich was more likely to have been consumed at his desk.
Before being known as sandwiches, the food seems to simply have been known as "bread and meat" or "bread and cheese".[6]

Thursday, December 12, 2013

Hebrew Lesson

NyLon named because the Dupont Chemical Co. had an office in NY and another in London.

Monday, December 09, 2013

ATF out of control!

http://www.jsonline.com/watchdog/problems-in-milwaukee-atf-sting-reflected-around-country-234917261.html

Dry practice

Dry Fire Drills: What They Can Teach You

by RICHARD MANN on DECEMBER 8, 2013
Dry practice can be conducted at home or on the range.
Dry practice can be conducted at home or on the range.
By Richard Mann
You do not have to make your gun go bang to improve your shooting. This is good news because often you cannot go to the range and sometimes you just cannot afford ammo. Dry practice,  practice with your firearm without ammunition, is a viable training tool and can help you master many aspects of the defensive handgun.
Dry practice  can be done almost anywhere, but there are some rules. The first four rules are the same four rules that should be followed anytime you are handling a firearm.
  1.  All guns are always loaded.
  2. Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy.
  3. Keep you finger off the trigger until your sights are on the target.
  4. Always be sure of your target.
In addition to these four rules, you should also only conduct dry practice in an area from which all ammunition has been removed. This cannot be stressed enough. Establish a routine for dry practice. Place all your ammunition in a container, triple check your firearm and remove the container of ammunition to another location.
The most common way that dry practice is used is to improve a shooter’s ability to keep the sights aligned while pulling the trigger.
The most common way that dry practice is used is to improve a shooter’s ability to keep the sights aligned while pulling the trigger.
Sight Alignment and Trigger Control
The most common use of dry practice is to improve your sight alignment and trigger control. Working with a handgun that will not recoil or make a loud noise when you pull the trigger allows you to concentrate fully on keeping the sights aligned while you press the trigger. The goal, obviously, is to complete the trigger stoke without disturbing your sight picture or sight alignment.
Trace laser grips can be a great aid to dry practice.
Trace laser grips can be a great aid to dry practice.
The process is simple. Pointing the handgun at a target that is safe (See rule 2 and 4), align the sights and press the trigger while watching for deviations in your sight picture and alignment. I have found a laser like Crimson Trace laser grips can be a great tool when doing this because even the slightest movement of the laser is easy to detect. Adjust the laser so that it appears on the target about two inches above your front sight. That makes it easy to see while you’re still using your sights.
Another option, and one that I have used a good deal when training new handgun shooters, is the LaserLyte Target. This small target reacts to laser beams emitted from the LaserLyte laser pistol cartridge and records the hit for display after a string of dry practice shots. As detailed in my book, Handgun Training for Personal Protection, with only about five minutes of practice per week with these training tools, I have seen more than a 20% reduction in group size.
The key to beneficial dry practice when working to improve your sight alignment and trigger control is to not overdo it. Between five and fifteen minutes of practice per day is plenty. Take your time with every shot and do not rush the process.
For dry practice, adjust your laser so that it appears on target about two inches above your sights
For dry practice, adjust your laser so that it appears on target about two inches above your sights
By using the LaserLyte laser target and laser cartridge, you can actually see the results of your dry practice on target.
By using the LaserLyte laser target and laser cartridge, you can actually see the results of your dry practice on target.
By using the LaserLyte laser target and laser cartridge, you can actually see the results of your dry practice on target.
LaserLyte laser cartridge
Weapon Presentation
Weapon presentation or the draw is another skill you can practice without ammunition. From a defensive handgun standpoint, getting your handgun out quickly can make the difference between life and death. However, not only do you need to get it out of the holster quickly, you need to get it on target quickly. The key to speed is smoothness, and smoothness comes with repetition. Start slowly and proceed with speed only after you have perfected the presentation stroke.
A Crimson Trace laser grip can be beneficial here too. When you are drawing a handgun, you should establish a good shooting grip before the handgun ever leaves the holster. If you do this and your handgun has a Crimson Trace laser grip, the laser will come on and will provide you with exact knowledge of where your muzzle is pointing all the way through the draw stroke.

As you thrust the handgun towards the target, watch the laser to make sure you keep the handgun pointed at the target.
As you thrust the handgun towards the target, watch the laser to make sure you keep the handgun pointed at the target.
As you obtain a two-hand grip on the handgun, the laser should continue to verify that it is pointed at the target.
As you obtain a two-hand grip on the handgun, the laser should continue to verify that it is pointed at the target.
When you rotate your handgun towards the target, the laser should verify that the muzzle is pointing at the target.
When you rotate your handgun towards the target, the laser should verify that the muzzle is pointing at the target.
Work through each step of weapon presentation slowly to commit the mechanics to memory.
Work through each step of weapon presentation slowly to commit the mechanics to memory.
When working dry practice to perfect weapon presentation, a laser grip can help to insure you obtain a firing grip while the handgun is in the holster.
When working dry practice to perfect weapon presentation, a laser grip can help to insure you obtain a firing grip while the handgun is in the holster.
What we are looking for is efficiency of motion. The handgun should come up and out of the holster, and then it should be rotated toward the target before it is thrust forward to the target. After the rotation, you should see the laser on the target until your arms are fully extended into whatever shooting position you use. Again, work slowly and deliberately. Only 10 to 15 minutes of practice each day is all that is needed, and in a week you will have greatly improved your draw stroke.
Reloading
You can also practice reloading your handgun without live ammunition. Dummy rounds are nice to have for these drills and add realism. You can practice all sorts of reloads such as a speed reload, a tactical reload, a slide lock reload and even a one-hand reload, and you will only need a handful of dummy round to do this.
One of the best ways to evaluate your reload practice, particularly the speed reload and slide lock reload, is to use a shot timer. Set the timer to beep at a par time, say about four seconds. When you here the beep to start, begin you reload sequence and try to complete the sequence before the par time beep. As you improve, reduce the par time.
You can also dry practice reloading your handgun.
You can also dry practice reloading your handgun.
Just as with sight alignment and trigger control and weapon presentation training, start reload training slowly. Smoothness breeds speed, and until you master
Dummy rounds will function through a semi-auto pistol just like live rounds but without the bang. Dummy rounds are great for dry practice.
Dummy rounds will function through a semi-auto pistol just like live rounds but without the bang. Dummy rounds are great for dry practice.
the mechanics of reloading you cannot increase your speed.
As you progress in skill, you can combine all three aspects – sight alignment and trigger control, weapon presentation and reloading – into one dry practice drill. Using a the LaserLyte target and laser cartridge, present your handgun to the target, align the sights and pull the trigger, and then conduct a speed reload while using a shot timer to gauge your speed. However, regardless of the drills you conduct, do not overlook the safety rules.
As a final thought, dry practice is not just for times when you cannot go to the range. It’s not a bad idea to start and end every live fire range session with dry practice. In fact, it should be part of most live fire sessions because it adds to your training experience. Because dry practice allows you to completely concentrate on the mechanics of what you are doing, you should even use it, intermittingly, while conducting live fire exercises.
.: A shot timer is an affordable tool when dry practicing reloads. They even make shot timer apps for smart phones.
.: A shot timer is an affordable tool when dry practicing reloads. They even make shot timer apps for smart phones.

Beer and the Wheel in History...

For those that don't know about history ..... here is a condensed version: 

Humans originally existed as members of small bands of nomadic hunters/gatherers. They lived on deer in the mountains during the summer and would go to the coast and live on fish and lobster in the winter. 

The two most important events in all of history were the invention of beer and the invention of the wheel. The wheel was invented to get man to the beer. These were the foundation of modern civilization and together were the catalyst for the splitting of humanity into two distinct subgroups: 

1 . Liberals 
2. Conservatives. 

Once beer was discovered, it required grain and that was the beginning of agriculture.Neither the glass bottle nor aluminum canwere invented yet, so while our early humans were sitting around waiting for them to be invented, they just stayed close to the brewery. That's how villages were formed. 

Some men spent their days tracking and killing animals to BBQ at night while they were drinking beer. This was the beginning of what is known as the Conservative movement... 

Other men who were weaker and less skilled at hunting learned to live off the conservatives by showing up for the nightly BBQ's and doing the sewing, fetching and hair dressing. This was the beginning of the Liberal movement.

Some of these liberal men eventually evolved into women. They became known as girlie-men.Some noteworthy liberal achievements include the domestication of cats, the invention of group therapy, group hugs, and the concept of Democratic voting to decide how to divide the meat and beer that conservatives provided. 

Over the years conservatives came to be symbolized by the largest, most powerful land animal on earth, the elephant. Liberals are symbolized by the jackass for obvious reasons. 

Modern liberals like imported beer (with lime added), but most prefer white wine or imported bottled water. They eat raw fish but like their beef well done. Sushi, tofu and French food are standard liberal fare. Another interesting evolutionary side note: most of their women have higher testosterone levels than their men. Most social workers,personal injury attorneys, trust-funders, journalists, dreamers in Hollywood and group therapists are liberals. Liberals invented the designated hitter rule because it wasn't fair to make the pitcher also bat. 

Conservatives drink domestic beer, mostly Bud, Coors or Miller. They eat red meatand still provide for their women. They are big game hunters, rodeo cowboys,lumberjacks, construction workers, firemen, medical doctors, police officers, engineers, corporate executives, athletes,members of the military, airline pilots and generally anyone who works productively. 

Conservatives who own companies hire other conservatives who want to work for a living. 

Liberals produce little or nothing. They like to govern the producers and decide what to do with the production. Liberals believe Europeans are more enlightened than Americans. That is why most of the liberals remained in Europe when conservatives were coming to America ... They crept in after the Wild West was tamed and created a business of trying to get more for nothing for people who wouldn't work.

Here ends today's lesson in world history: 

It should be noted that a Liberal may have a momentary urge to angrily respond to the above before forwarding it.

A Conservative will simply laugh and be so convinced of the truth of this history that it will be forwarded immediately to other Conservatives and to some Liberals just to piss them off. 

And there you have it.... Let your next action reveal your true self.....I just did and now I'm going to turn the venison on the grill.

Friday, December 06, 2013

Weegie Bassa...

A Glaswegian ventriloquist visiting Aberdeen walks into a Small village and sees a local sitting on his veranda patting his dog. 

He figures he'll have a little fun, so he says to the Aberdonian 

Hi, mind if I talk to your dog?' 

Villager: 'The dog doesn't talk, you stupid weegie bassa.' 

Ventriloquist: 'Hello dog, how's it going mate?' 

Dog: 'Yeah, doin' all right.' 

Aberdonian: (look of extreme shock) 

Ventriloquist: 'Is this villager your owner?' (pointing at the Villager) 

Dog: 'Yep' 

Ventriloquist: 'How does he treat you?' 

Dog: 'Yeah, real good. He walks me twice a day, feeds me great food And takes me to the loch once a week to play.' 

Aberdonian: (look of utter disbelief) 

Ventriloquist: 'Mind if I talk to your horse?' 

Aberdonian: 'Uh, the horse doesn't talk either...I think.' 

Ventriloquist: 'Hey horse, how's it going?' 

Horse: 'Cool' 

Aberdonian: (absolutely dumbfounded) 

Ventriloquist: 'Is this your owner?' (Pointing at the villager) 

Horse: 'Yep' 

Ventriloquist: How does he treat you? 

Horse: 'Pretty good, thanks for asking. He rides me regularly, Brushes me down often and keeps me in the shed to protect me from the Elements.' 

Aberdonian: (total look of amazement) 

Ventriloquist: 'Mind if I talk to your sheep?' 

Aberdonian: (in a panic) 

'The sheep's a f*****' liar.... '

Tuesday, December 03, 2013

New American Standard Version disowned

I must under God renounce every attachment to the New American Standard Version.  I'm afraid I'm in trouble with the Lord... We laid the groundwork; I wrote the format; I helped interview some of the translators; I sat with the translator; I wrote the preface...  I'm in trouble; I can't refute these arguments; its [sic] wrong, terribly wrong; its [sic] frighteningly wrong; and what am I going to do about it.
When questions began to reach me at first I was quite offended...  I used to laugh with others...  However, in attempting to answer, I began to sense that something was not right about the New American Standard Version.  I can no longer ignore these criticisms I am hearing and I can't refute them...  The deletions are absolutely frightening... there are so many...  Are we so naive that we do not suspect Satanic deception in all of this?
Upon investigation, I wrote my very dear friend, Mr. Lockman, explaining that I was forced to renounce all attachment to the NASV  The product is grievous to my heart and helps to complicate matters in these already troublous times...  I don't want anything to do with it.  
[T]he finest leaders that we have today... haven't gone into it [the new version's use of a corrupted Greek text], just as I hadn't gone into it... that's how easily one can be deceived... I'm going to talk to him [Dr. George Sweeting, president of Moody Bible Institute] about these things. 
[Y]ou can say the Authorized Version [KJV] is absolutely correct.  How correct?  100% correct!  I believe the Spirit of God led the translators of the Authorized Version.  If you must stand against everyone else, stand...
Dr. Frank Losdon, Co-founder NASB, quoted in G.A. Riplinger, New Age Bible Versions, 1993.

▶ "Christian Stewardship, Wealth & Poverty" - YouTube

▶ "Christian Stewardship, Wealth & Poverty" - YouTube:

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Sunday, December 01, 2013

Reverend Minister


Simplicity

"The creaturely mind seeks refuge in simplicity.  Marxism is a prime instance:  man is the spawn of the economic system, so all that is needed is a changed system, and presto, heaven on earth!"

--George Arthur Buttrick. "The Study of the Bible,"  1 The Interpreter's Bible.  New York: Abington=Cokesbury Press, 1952.  167.

The Scarlet Woman | Amazing Facts

The Scarlet Woman | Amazing Facts:

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Friday, November 29, 2013

A Request for Technical Support...

Dear Technical Support,

18 months ago, I upgraded to Girlfriend 1.0 from DrinkingMates 4.2, which I had used for years without any trouble. However, there are apparently conflicts between these two products and the only solution was to try and run Girlfriend 1.0 with the sound turned off.

To make matters worse, Girlfriend 1.0 is incompatible with several other applications, such as LadsNightOut ...3.1, Football 4.5, and Playboy 6.9. Successive versions of GirlFriend proved no better.

I tried a shareware program, Slapper 2.1, but it had many bugs and left a virus in my system, forcing me to shut down completely for several weeks. Eventually, I tried to run GirlFriend 1.2 and Girlfriend 1.0 at the same time, only to discover that when these two systems detected each other they caused severe damage to my hardware.

I eventually upgraded to Fiancée 1.0, only to discover that this product soon had to be upgraded further to Wife 1.0. While Wife 1.0 tends to use up all my available resources, it does come bundled with FreeSexPlus and Cleanhouse2005.

Shortly after this upgrade, however, I found that Wife 1.0 could be very unstable and costly to run. Any mistakes I made were automatically stored in Wife 1.0's memory and could not be deleted. They then resurfaced months later when I had forgotten about them. Wife 1.0 also has an automatic Diary, Explorer and E-mail filter, and can, without warning, launch TurboStrop and Multi-Whinge. These latter products have no Help files, and I have to try to guess what the problem is. Additional problems are that Wife 1.0 needs updating regularly, requiring ShoeShop Browser for new attachments and Hairstyle Express which needs to be reinstalled every other week. Also, when Wife 1.0 attaches itself to my Saab93 Convertible hard drive, it often crashes. Wife 1.0 also comes with an irritating pop-up called MotherInLaw, which can't be turned off.

Recently I've been tempted to install Mistress 2005, but I've been told there could be problems. A friend of mine has alerted me to the fact that if Wife 1.0 detects Mistress 2005, it tends to delete all of your Money before uninstalling itself.

Any advice would be helpful, many thanks.

Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Foster Care Non-Discrimination Act | chronicleofsocialchange

Foster Care Non-Discrimination Act | chronicleofsocialchange:
"In 2003, California passed the Foster Care Non-Discrimination Act that prohibits the harassment of youths on the basis of actual or perceived race, ethnic group, national origin, religion, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation or gender identification."

Okay, that's fine.  There is probably nothing wrong with that.

But, next they want forced indoctrination...

"
AB 1856, a bill that would require culturally sensitive training for foster care providers on issues facing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender children and teens (LGBT).
Authored by Rep. Tom Ammiano (D-San Francisco) and sponsored the largest LGBT advocacy group in the state, Equality California, the bill would require caretakers to complete 40 hours of classroom instruction and best practices for providing adequate care for LGBT youths in foster care."
And they want foster care families to forgo the choice of children that they can care for...

"Some foster care agencies, Evans said, have forms where potential foster care parents can indicate if they’re not willing to care for an LGBT youth.

“Why are we accepting foster parents who say I don’t want or will not take of an LGBT [children]? How we can allow that to be?” she said."
'via Blog this'

This is to me an exceptionally improper and unConstitutional role for the government.  Foster parents ought to be able to specify if they welcome Sightless, Hearing impaired, Handicapped, Jewish, Christian, Catholic, Moslem, White, Black, East Indian, West Indian, American Indian, French, Italian-, Asian-, Irish-, Somalian-heritage, or any other cultural or individual attribute they favor and orientation that they wish to inculcate, promulgate, and espouse.  That is their choice to minister to and support the cultural identities they value.   A law like this says, if you want to help foster children you have no right to pick and choose your legal dependents, you must accept whatever child the state assigns.

link

Thursday, November 21, 2013

minimum wage study


link
"As we noted earlier, there is substantial
empirical evidence that the disemployment effect of an increase in the
minimum wage may occur with a lag of one year or more, suggesting
that these case studies may understate the effect of a minimum wage
hike and even fail to detect a negative effect."
http://www.socsci.uci.edu/~dneumark/min_wage_review.pdf

Friday, November 15, 2013

Friendly Skies...

The Nymphomaniac Convention...

A man boarded an aircraft at London 's Heathrow Airport for New York , and taking his seat as he settled in, he noticed a very beautiful woman boarding the plane. 
He realised she was heading straight toward his seat and bingo - she took the seat right beside him.

"Hello", he blurted out, "Business trip or vacation?"

She turned, smiled enchantingly and said, "Business. I'm going to the annual Nymphomaniac convention in the United States ."

He swallowed hard. Here was the most gorgeous woman he had ever seen sitting next to him, and she was going to a meeting for nymphomaniacs!

Struggling to maintain his composure, he calmly asked, "What's your business role at this convention?"

"Lecturer," she responded," I use my experience to disprove some of the popular myths about sexuality.."

"Really", he smiled, "what myths are those?"

"Well," she explained, "one popular myth is that African-American men are the most well-endowed when, in fact, it's the Native American Indian who is most likely to possess that trait. 
Another popular myth is that French men are the best lovers, when actually it is the men of Greek descent. 
We have also found that the best potential lovers in all categories are the Irish."

Suddenly the woman became uncomfortable and blushed. "I'm sorry," she said. "I really shouldn't be discussing this with you, I don't even know your name!"

"Tonto," the man said. "Tonto Papadopoulos, but my friends call me Paddy."

Tuesday, November 05, 2013

Holy Orders...

Mother Superior called all the nuns together and said to them, 

"I must tell you all something. We have a case of gonorrhea in the convent." 

"Thank God," said an elderly nun at the back. "I'm so tired of chardonnay."

Friday, August 30, 2013

Do you know where your Qibla is?

QiblaLocator:

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The Minimum Wage Costs Jobs (Beyond a doubt. Do not be fooled.)

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The Minimum Wage Costs Jobs  (Beyond a doubt.  Do not be fooled.)
............................................
Minimum Wages and Employment
David Neumark1
and William L. Wascher2
1
Department of Economics, 3151 Social Science Plaza,University of
California-Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, dneumark@uci.edu
2
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System,
Division of Research and Statistics, 20th Street and Constitution Ave.,
NW, Washington, DC 20551, USA, william.l.wascher@frb.gov
Abstract
We review the burgeoning literature on the employment effects of minimum wages – in the United States and in other countries – that was
spurred by the new minimum wage research beginning in the early
1990s. Our review indicates that there is a wide range of existing estimates and, accordingly, a lack of consensus about the overall effects
on low-wage employment of an increase in the minimum wage. However, the oft-stated assertion that recent research fails to support the
conclusion that the minimum wage reduces employment of low-skilled
workers is clearly incorrect. A sizable majority of the studies surveyed
in this monograph give a relatively consistent (although not always
statistically significant) indication of negative employment effects of
minimum wages. In addition, among the papers we view as providing
the most credible evidence, almost all point to negative employment
effects, both for the United States as well as for many other countries.
Two other important conclusions emerge from our review. First, we
see very few – if any – studies that provide convincing evidence of
positive employment effects of minimum wages, especially from tho...

Foundations and Trends R in
Microeconomics
Vol. 3, No 1–2 (2007) 1–182
c 2007 D. Neumark and W. L. Wascher
DOI: 10.1561/0700000015

Thursday, August 29, 2013

Minimum Wages and Employment



'via Blog this'

link
http://www.socsci.uci.edu/~dneumark/min_wage_review.pdf
Abstract
We review the burgeoning literature on the employment effects of minimum wages – in the United States and in other countries – that was
spurred by the new minimum wage research beginning in the early
1990s. Our review indicates that there is a wide range of existing estimates and, accordingly, a lack of consensus about the overall effects
on low-wage employment of an increase in the minimum wage. However, the oft-stated assertion that recent research fails to support the
conclusion that the minimum wage reduces employment of low-skilled
workers is clearly incorrect. A sizable majority of the studies surveyed
in this monograph give a relatively consistent (although not always
statistically significant) indication of negative employment effects of
minimum wages. In addition, among the papers we view as providing
the most credible evidence, almost all point to negative employment
effects, both for the United States as well as for many other countries.
Two other important conclusions emerge from our review. First, we
see very few – if any – studies that provide convincing evidence of
positive employment effects of minimum wages, especially from those

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Determining your Position with a Pocket Compass with a Declination Ring

Finding your Position using a Pocket Compass with a Declination Ring | Compass Knowledge Base: "Determining your Position with a Pocket Compass with a Declination Ring"

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Determining your Position with a Pocket Compass with a Declination Ringby Eric Newman

If you could ask for a single upgrade to a conventional pocket compass with a compass needle, it would be a movable declination ring.  In the tutorial on using a standard pocket compass with a compass needle, we found that taking a bearing was relatively easy, but if our map was only referenced to true north, the correction for readings referenced to magnetic north was cumbersome.

In this tutorial we will use a pocket watch style pocket compass with a movable declination ring, and a magnetized needle suspended over a compass rose marked 0 - 360 degrees, as shown in Figure 1.
If you do not have a compass rose on your map, then north is up, east to the right is 90 degrees, south is 180, and west is 270 degrees.  The problem is that these are probably referenced to true north, and your pocket watch style compass reads magnetic north.  The difference between true north and magnetic north is the local magnetic declination, which depends on your general area.  The magnetic declination in Los Angeles is 13 degrees east.  New York City is 13 degrees west.  If you are lucky enough to be lost just west of the Mississippi River on the agonic line where the declination is zero, then magnetic north and true north are the same, so your compass reads true north.  If you are not so lucky, you need a method to take compass bearings referenced to true north, even though your compass senses magnetic north.  As you have guessed by now, this is where the magnetic declination ring comes in.

You need to determine the declination in your area.  If you intend to use the declination rose or lines on your map, check the map's date for the yearly correction as magnetic north wanders over time.

Your new compass should have the declination ring's north exactly aligned to the compass rose north, as shown in Figures 1 - 3.  If you are in New York where the declination is 13 degrees west, rotate the declination ring 13 degrees clockwise so that north on the compass rose aligns with -13 degrees (equals 347 degrees) on the declination ring.  In the Los Angeles area with 13 degrees east declination, rotate the declination ring 13 degrees counterclockwise.  If your map has two concentric compass roses, one true and one magnetic, you see that we are mimicking these two roses on your compass.

An extremely useful feature of good quality compasses with declination rings is to have luminescent dots on the north end of the compass needle, and two that move with the Declination Ring.  This is invaluable using your compass in the dark.  See Figure 4.

Now you are ready to take headings.  Locate two or three landmarks that you can also locate on your map.  A landmark can be a water tank, church spire, radio antenna, or a distant hilltop.  Ideally, you want two landmarks about 90 degrees apart, or three landmarks about 120 degrees apart.  You do not want any two landmarks to be in a nearly identical heading, or 180 degrees apart.  It is also critical that you can clearly see the landmarks and locate them on your map.

Now find the magnetic bearing for the first landmark.  Face the direction of the landmark and hold your pocket compass just below eye level.  Make sure you hold the compass steady and level.  Slowly rotate the entire compass until the north end of the compass needle is exactly over the north marking on the compass rose.  The north end of the compass needle is usually marked red or has an arrow shape.  Align the compass needle to the compass rose, not the declination ring.  See Figure 2.

While you are holding the compass with the needle precisely aligned to the compass rose, sight the landmark across the center of the compass bearing and read the degree marking on the compass rose directly away from you.  Note this heading because you will need it to find your location on your map.  In Figure 3, we are sighting a bearing of 222 degrees, referenced to true north.
Figure 1 - Pocket Compass with Adjustable Declination Ring
Figure 1
Click for larger image
Figure 2 - Aligning the Compass with Adjustable Declination Ring to North
Figure 2
Click for larger image
Figure 3 - Taking a Sighting of 222 Degrees
Figure 3
Click for larger image
Figure 4 - Luminescent Dots on Compass Needle and Declination Ring
Figure 4
Click for larger image

Repeat this procedure with the next landmark and note this second angle.  For our example, the second landmark is in the direction of 186 degrees.  If you can identify a third landmark and determine its magnetic bearing, that is even better.

Now transfer your landmark headings directly onto your map.  Lay your map out flat and locate the compass rose or grid lines on the map.  Since you have already corrected your headings for true north, use the true north compass rose, or up on the map for true north.

You can either transfer a parallel line between your landmark and the map's compass rose, or you can place your pocket compass directly onto the map and transfer the landmark heading to the map's compass rose by moving the compass.  With the compass aligned to the map, you can use its compass rose to draw a line through the first landmark using the angle of the first landmark's bearing.  Repeat this with your other landmarks, drawing a line for each in the direction of its direction.
Refer to the topographic map in Figure 4 and note the 222 and 186 degree lines.  Where the two lines intersect is your location.  If you have three landmarks, consider your position to be in the triangle formed by the three lines.  The triangle should be fairly small.  If your triangle is large something is wrong.  You probably incorrectly identified a landmark, misread the heading, or did not draw the lines correctly.  This is a good reason to use three landmarks, as two lines from two landmarks will not show a problem.  The more landmarks you use, the more confidence you will have in your position.Figure 4 - Topo Map with sighting lines
Figure 4
Click for larger image
Now that you have your location, verify that it is reasonable.  Using the example in Figure 4, you should be near a reservoir and near the top of a ridge.  The ridge near you should be running roughly east-west and the closest shore of the reservoir should be southwest of you.

Copyright © 2010 Eric Newman * All rights reserved

Numbers for the Islamic Qibla Compasses, January 2010 Update

Numbers for the Islamic Qibla Compasses, January 2010 Update:

'via Blog this'

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Monday, August 19, 2013

Authenticating Chinese Ceramics


PRINCIPLES OF COLLECTING ASIAN CERAMICS:
Ming Reign Marks on 
Chinese Porcelain
 
Inscriptions of various kinds were often painted on Chinese Porcelain.  The useful practice of painting reign marks was only common during the eras of the Ming (1368 - 1644) and the Qing (1644 - 1911) dynasties.  The marks tell us who was the emperor when the Porcelain was produced. 
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The presence of a painted reign mark does not mean a piece is authentic -- any Chinese high school student can paint characters in their own language.  However, the markings can help to confirm other indications of date.  


Ming Dynasty Reign Marks

Yongle Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainYongle Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain
Xuande Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainChenghua Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain
HongZhi Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainZhengde Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain
JiaJing Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainLongQing Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain
Wanli Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainTianqi Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain