Friday, August 30, 2013

Do you know where your Qibla is?

QiblaLocator:

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The Minimum Wage Costs Jobs (Beyond a doubt. Do not be fooled.)

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The Minimum Wage Costs Jobs  (Beyond a doubt.  Do not be fooled.)
............................................
Minimum Wages and Employment
David Neumark1
and William L. Wascher2
1
Department of Economics, 3151 Social Science Plaza,University of
California-Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, dneumark@uci.edu
2
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System,
Division of Research and Statistics, 20th Street and Constitution Ave.,
NW, Washington, DC 20551, USA, william.l.wascher@frb.gov
Abstract
We review the burgeoning literature on the employment effects of minimum wages – in the United States and in other countries – that was
spurred by the new minimum wage research beginning in the early
1990s. Our review indicates that there is a wide range of existing estimates and, accordingly, a lack of consensus about the overall effects
on low-wage employment of an increase in the minimum wage. However, the oft-stated assertion that recent research fails to support the
conclusion that the minimum wage reduces employment of low-skilled
workers is clearly incorrect. A sizable majority of the studies surveyed
in this monograph give a relatively consistent (although not always
statistically significant) indication of negative employment effects of
minimum wages. In addition, among the papers we view as providing
the most credible evidence, almost all point to negative employment
effects, both for the United States as well as for many other countries.
Two other important conclusions emerge from our review. First, we
see very few – if any – studies that provide convincing evidence of
positive employment effects of minimum wages, especially from tho...

Foundations and Trends R in
Microeconomics
Vol. 3, No 1–2 (2007) 1–182
c 2007 D. Neumark and W. L. Wascher
DOI: 10.1561/0700000015

Thursday, August 29, 2013

Minimum Wages and Employment



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http://www.socsci.uci.edu/~dneumark/min_wage_review.pdf
Abstract
We review the burgeoning literature on the employment effects of minimum wages – in the United States and in other countries – that was
spurred by the new minimum wage research beginning in the early
1990s. Our review indicates that there is a wide range of existing estimates and, accordingly, a lack of consensus about the overall effects
on low-wage employment of an increase in the minimum wage. However, the oft-stated assertion that recent research fails to support the
conclusion that the minimum wage reduces employment of low-skilled
workers is clearly incorrect. A sizable majority of the studies surveyed
in this monograph give a relatively consistent (although not always
statistically significant) indication of negative employment effects of
minimum wages. In addition, among the papers we view as providing
the most credible evidence, almost all point to negative employment
effects, both for the United States as well as for many other countries.
Two other important conclusions emerge from our review. First, we
see very few – if any – studies that provide convincing evidence of
positive employment effects of minimum wages, especially from those

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Determining your Position with a Pocket Compass with a Declination Ring

Finding your Position using a Pocket Compass with a Declination Ring | Compass Knowledge Base: "Determining your Position with a Pocket Compass with a Declination Ring"

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Determining your Position with a Pocket Compass with a Declination Ringby Eric Newman

If you could ask for a single upgrade to a conventional pocket compass with a compass needle, it would be a movable declination ring.  In the tutorial on using a standard pocket compass with a compass needle, we found that taking a bearing was relatively easy, but if our map was only referenced to true north, the correction for readings referenced to magnetic north was cumbersome.

In this tutorial we will use a pocket watch style pocket compass with a movable declination ring, and a magnetized needle suspended over a compass rose marked 0 - 360 degrees, as shown in Figure 1.
If you do not have a compass rose on your map, then north is up, east to the right is 90 degrees, south is 180, and west is 270 degrees.  The problem is that these are probably referenced to true north, and your pocket watch style compass reads magnetic north.  The difference between true north and magnetic north is the local magnetic declination, which depends on your general area.  The magnetic declination in Los Angeles is 13 degrees east.  New York City is 13 degrees west.  If you are lucky enough to be lost just west of the Mississippi River on the agonic line where the declination is zero, then magnetic north and true north are the same, so your compass reads true north.  If you are not so lucky, you need a method to take compass bearings referenced to true north, even though your compass senses magnetic north.  As you have guessed by now, this is where the magnetic declination ring comes in.

You need to determine the declination in your area.  If you intend to use the declination rose or lines on your map, check the map's date for the yearly correction as magnetic north wanders over time.

Your new compass should have the declination ring's north exactly aligned to the compass rose north, as shown in Figures 1 - 3.  If you are in New York where the declination is 13 degrees west, rotate the declination ring 13 degrees clockwise so that north on the compass rose aligns with -13 degrees (equals 347 degrees) on the declination ring.  In the Los Angeles area with 13 degrees east declination, rotate the declination ring 13 degrees counterclockwise.  If your map has two concentric compass roses, one true and one magnetic, you see that we are mimicking these two roses on your compass.

An extremely useful feature of good quality compasses with declination rings is to have luminescent dots on the north end of the compass needle, and two that move with the Declination Ring.  This is invaluable using your compass in the dark.  See Figure 4.

Now you are ready to take headings.  Locate two or three landmarks that you can also locate on your map.  A landmark can be a water tank, church spire, radio antenna, or a distant hilltop.  Ideally, you want two landmarks about 90 degrees apart, or three landmarks about 120 degrees apart.  You do not want any two landmarks to be in a nearly identical heading, or 180 degrees apart.  It is also critical that you can clearly see the landmarks and locate them on your map.

Now find the magnetic bearing for the first landmark.  Face the direction of the landmark and hold your pocket compass just below eye level.  Make sure you hold the compass steady and level.  Slowly rotate the entire compass until the north end of the compass needle is exactly over the north marking on the compass rose.  The north end of the compass needle is usually marked red or has an arrow shape.  Align the compass needle to the compass rose, not the declination ring.  See Figure 2.

While you are holding the compass with the needle precisely aligned to the compass rose, sight the landmark across the center of the compass bearing and read the degree marking on the compass rose directly away from you.  Note this heading because you will need it to find your location on your map.  In Figure 3, we are sighting a bearing of 222 degrees, referenced to true north.
Figure 1 - Pocket Compass with Adjustable Declination Ring
Figure 1
Click for larger image
Figure 2 - Aligning the Compass with Adjustable Declination Ring to North
Figure 2
Click for larger image
Figure 3 - Taking a Sighting of 222 Degrees
Figure 3
Click for larger image
Figure 4 - Luminescent Dots on Compass Needle and Declination Ring
Figure 4
Click for larger image

Repeat this procedure with the next landmark and note this second angle.  For our example, the second landmark is in the direction of 186 degrees.  If you can identify a third landmark and determine its magnetic bearing, that is even better.

Now transfer your landmark headings directly onto your map.  Lay your map out flat and locate the compass rose or grid lines on the map.  Since you have already corrected your headings for true north, use the true north compass rose, or up on the map for true north.

You can either transfer a parallel line between your landmark and the map's compass rose, or you can place your pocket compass directly onto the map and transfer the landmark heading to the map's compass rose by moving the compass.  With the compass aligned to the map, you can use its compass rose to draw a line through the first landmark using the angle of the first landmark's bearing.  Repeat this with your other landmarks, drawing a line for each in the direction of its direction.
Refer to the topographic map in Figure 4 and note the 222 and 186 degree lines.  Where the two lines intersect is your location.  If you have three landmarks, consider your position to be in the triangle formed by the three lines.  The triangle should be fairly small.  If your triangle is large something is wrong.  You probably incorrectly identified a landmark, misread the heading, or did not draw the lines correctly.  This is a good reason to use three landmarks, as two lines from two landmarks will not show a problem.  The more landmarks you use, the more confidence you will have in your position.Figure 4 - Topo Map with sighting lines
Figure 4
Click for larger image
Now that you have your location, verify that it is reasonable.  Using the example in Figure 4, you should be near a reservoir and near the top of a ridge.  The ridge near you should be running roughly east-west and the closest shore of the reservoir should be southwest of you.

Copyright © 2010 Eric Newman * All rights reserved

Numbers for the Islamic Qibla Compasses, January 2010 Update

Numbers for the Islamic Qibla Compasses, January 2010 Update:

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Monday, August 19, 2013

Authenticating Chinese Ceramics


PRINCIPLES OF COLLECTING ASIAN CERAMICS:
Ming Reign Marks on 
Chinese Porcelain
 
Inscriptions of various kinds were often painted on Chinese Porcelain.  The useful practice of painting reign marks was only common during the eras of the Ming (1368 - 1644) and the Qing (1644 - 1911) dynasties.  The marks tell us who was the emperor when the Porcelain was produced. 
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The presence of a painted reign mark does not mean a piece is authentic -- any Chinese high school student can paint characters in their own language.  However, the markings can help to confirm other indications of date.  


Ming Dynasty Reign Marks

Yongle Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainYongle Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain
Xuande Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainChenghua Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain
HongZhi Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainZhengde Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain
JiaJing Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainLongQing Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain
Wanli Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White PorcelainTianqi Mark on Ming Dynasty Chinese Blue and White Porcelain

Saturday, August 17, 2013

Colt Model 1903 in movies and TV

Model M Pocket Hammerless .32 pistol by John M. Browning at Colt

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The Colt Model 1903 can be seen used by the following actors in the following movies:

Movie

TitleActorCharacterNoteDate
Gangster SquadRyan GoslingSergeant Wooters2012
The Woman Knight of Mirror Lake (Jian hu nu xia Qiu Jin)You-Nam WongChen Boping2011
The Woman Knight of Mirror Lake (Jian hu nu xia Qiu Jin)Imperial cavalry2011
Cold Steel (Bian di lang yan)Tony Leung Ka FaiCapt. Zhang Menzi2011
Cold Steel (Bian di lang yan)Mickey HeXiao Wu2011
Cold Steel (Bian di lang yan)Chinese resistance fighters2011
Public EnemiesJohnny DeppJohn Dillinger2009
Female agentsMaya SansaMaria Luzzato2008
Female agentsJulie DepardieuJeanne Faussier2008
Max Manus: Man of WarAksel HennieMax Manus2008
Max Manus: Man of WarChristian RubeckKolbein Lauring2008
Max Manus: Man of WarNicolai Cleve BrochGregers Gramcontinuity error2008
All the King's MenAnthony HopkinsJudge Irwin2006
2009: Lost Memories.An Jung-geun2002
Kansas CityJennifer Jason LeighBlondie O'Hara1997
Kansas CityMiranda RichardsonCarolyn Stilton1997
L.A. ConfidentialJames CromwellCaptain Dudley Smith1997
Mulholland FallsAndrew McCarthyJimmy Fields1996
Devil in a Blue DressDon CheadleMouse Alexander1995
Devil in a Blue DressDenzel WashingtonEzekiel 'Easy' Rawlins1995
Legends of the FallJohn NovakJames O'Banion1994
The RocketeerSeveral of Valentine's thugs1991
Miller's CrossingJon PolitoJohnny Caspar1990
Miller's CrossingGabriel ByrneTom Reagan1990
The Two JakesRubén BladesMichael "Mickey Nice" Weisskopfnickel-plated1990
Harlem NightsEddie MurphyQuick1989
Who Framed Roger RabbitBob HoskinsEddie Valiant1988
Sudden ImpactA robber1983
Any Which Way You CanGangster1980
The Thirty Nine StepsJohn MillsScudderModel 19081978
The Thirty Nine StepsRobert PowellHannayModel 19081978
The Late ShowEugene RocheRon Birdwell1977
Family PlotKaren BlackFran1976
Family PlotWilliam DevaneArthur1976
Hickey & BoggsKiller1972
Trouble ManPaul WinfieldChalky Price1972
Super FlyRon O'NealYoungblood Priest1972
Super FlyNate AdamsDealer1972
Super FlyCharles McGregorFat Freddie1972
The GetawayAli MacGrawCarol McCoy1972
Shaft's Big Score!A gangster1972
The Omega ManRosalind CashLisa1971
The Grissom GangTony MusanteEddie Hagan1971
PattonGeorge C. ScottGen. George S. Patton Jr.1970
The Devil's BrigadeCarroll O'ConnorMajor General Maxwell Hunter1968
Poppies Are Also FlowersE.G. MarshallColey Jones1966
Poppies Are Also FlowersAngie DickinsonLinda Benson1966
Casanova '70Michèle MercierNoelle1965
The Spy who Came in from the ColdPeter van EyckHans-Dieter Mundt1965
The Desperate HoursHumphrey BogartGlenn Griffin1955
D.O.A.Neville BrandChester1949
TrappedJames ToddJack Sylvester1949
Key LargoHumphrey BogartFrank McCloud1948
Key LargoHarry LewisEdward 'Toots' Bass1948
Key LargoEdward G. RobinsonJohnny Rocco1948
Parole, Inc.Noel CravatBlackie Olson1948
Dead ReckoningLizabeth Scott'Dusty' Chandler1947
The Big SleepHumphrey BogartPhilip Marlowe1946
The Big SleepLouis Jean HeydtJoe Brody1946
CasablancaHumphrey BogartRick Blaine1942
Lady GangsterA gangster1942
SaboteurTobin's man1942
Torture ShipLyle TalbotLt. Bob Bennett1939
Torture ShipRussell HoptonHarry 'The Carver' Bogard1939
Torture ShipEddie HoldenOle Olson1939
Torture ShipWheeler OakmanJohn Ritter1939
Torture ShipStanley BlystoneBriggs1939
AlgiersGino CorradoDetective1938
AlgiersJohnny DownsPierrot1938
AlgiersStanley FieldsCarlos1938
A Slight Case of MurderSeen in the pile of weapon1938
Bulldog Drummond in AfricaReginald DennyAlgy Longworth1938
Bulldog Drummond in AfricaE.E. Clive"Tenny" Tennison1938
Bulldog Drummond in AfricaJohn HowardBulldog Drummond1938
Bulldog Drummond in AfricaJ. Carrol NaishRichard Lane1938
Bulldog Drummond in AfricaAnthony QuinnFordine1938
Bulldog Drummond EscapesHeather AngelPhyllis Clavering1937
Bulldog Drummond EscapesReginald DennyAlgy Longworth1937
Bulldog Drummond EscapesPorter HallNorman Merridew1937
Bulldog Drummond EscapesWalter KingsfordProfessor Stanton1937
Bulldog Drummond's RevengeJohn BarrymoreCol. J.A. Nielson1937
Bulldog Drummond's RevengeReginald DennyAlgy Longworth1937
Bulldog Drummond's RevengeE.E. Clive'Tenny' Tennison1937
Bulldog Drummond's RevengeJohn HowardBulldog Drummond1937
Satan Met a LadyWarren WilliamTed Shane1936
Mystery LinerBoothe HowardCapt. Downey1934
The Maltese FalconDwight FryeWilmer Cook1931
The Maltese FalconRicardo CortezSam Spade1931
The Maltese FalconJ. Farrell MacDonaldDet. Sgt. Tom Polhouse1931
The Pay-OffLowell ShermanGene Fenmore1930
The Pay-OffHugh TrevorRocky1930

Television

Show Title / EpisodeActorCharacterNoteAir Date
Boardwalk EmpireMichael PittJimmy Darmody.2010-Present
FireflyNathan FillionMal Reynolds.2002-2003
Star Trek: The Next GenerationHarvey JasonFelix Leech:Episode "The Big Goodbye"1987 - 1994
Mission: ImpossibleMichael PatakiEd"The Psychic" (S01E28)1967
Mission: ImpossibleTom TroupeDavid Day"Action!" (S01E23)1967
Mission: ImpossibleMartin LandauRollin Hand"The Confession" (S01E22)1967
Mission: ImpossiblePat HingleR.J. McMillan"The Confession" (S01E22)1967
Mission: ImpossibleGreg MorrisBarney Collier"The Diamond" (S01E19)1967
Mission: ImpossibleBarbara BainCinnamon Carter"Fakeout" (S01E12)1966
Mission: ImpossibleWilliam SmithersFrank Egan"The Ransom" (S01E08)1966
The Avengers..SE4E19: "Quick-Quick Slow Death")1961-1969